Mother-to-child transmission of HIV in the United States can be eliminated with the help of obstetricians.
Complications of Pregnancy
A recent study compared pretreatment with mifepristone followed by treatment with misoprostol against treating with misoprostol alone for the management of first-trimester pregnancy loss. Plus: Are patients less satisfied with MDs who reduce opioids? Also: Does infant exposure to hypertensive disorders or pregnancy affect neurodevelopment?
Altered maternal vaginal microbiota composition contributes to the pathophysiology of preterm birth (PTB), according to a study of two racially distinct cohorts of US pregnant women.
In cases of very preterm birth, waiting at least 2 minutes to clamp the umbilical cord, coupled with immediate neonatal care with the cord intact, improved outcomes, according to a multicenter study.
A recent study shows that mothers exposed to moderate to high levels of caffeine during pregnancy may give birth to infants that gain excess weight in early childhood. Plus: How does ART affect risk of stillbirth? Also: A study found that obese African-American women have significantly lower energy expenditure per kilogram of mass compared to obese white women with similar energy intake and physical activity levels.
Maternal chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is associated with a 16% increase in risk of preterm birth (PTB), with substantial heterogeneity, according to an updated systematic review and meta-analysis.
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy are among the leading contributors to maternal mortality worldwide. This review describes hypertension-related maternal mortality in the United States and key strategies to improve outcomes.