Yes. It could be lower but it is difficult to know whether it really should be lower.
Diet of mother’s milk vs formula has no effect on preterm infant microbiome
For preterm infants, clinical outcomes from microbial mechanisms are not affected by a diet of only human milk compared to bovine milk formulas or fortifiers.
Managing pregnancy in adolescents
At the 44th National Association of Pediatric Nurse Practitioners Conference, evidence-based approaches for supporting pregnant adolescents were discussed.
Do cesarean-section babies still receive essential microbes?
Nearly 59% of an infant’s microbiota composition is transferred by their mother.
Associations of preterm birth and postnatal growth with brain maturation
In a recent study, worse neurodevelopmental outcomes were seen in children born preterm and with postnatal growth failure.
COVID-19 vaccination during pregnancy reduces risk of infant infection
A booster dose of mRNA COVID-19 vaccination during pregnancy increases protection of infants from infection and related hospitalization.
Safety of cefazolin has been underestimated for GBS prophylaxis during labor
Both undertreatment and overtreatment were common in this cohort of penicillin-allergic pregnant women with Group B Streptococcus (GBS).
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