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Neuropsychiatric impacts of pre- and post-term birth

Although previous research has shown preterm (PTB) and post-term births to result in adverse neuropsychiatric outcomes in children little research had been done on the outcomes of at-term deliveries.

In a recent study from JAMA Pediatrics, investigators analyzed whether variation in gestational age for deliveries at term also has associations with neurodevelopment. In total, they included 3,079 children in the study and evaluated them at 10 years of age.

The findings showed that the duration of gestation had a linear link with brain morphometry in childhood, even in the window term of delivery. The authors deem the results important because of the increasing rates of elective cesarean delivery.

For more information, visit Contemporary Pediatrics.