Research methodology in Obstetrics and Gynecology: basic and particular aspects

June 30, 2011

Research is the challenging process aiming at the knowledge of truth. It involves our past, is supported by individual aspirations and needs and could be responsible for our own future, for that of other people and for the future of the surrounding environment.

Presentation, Index and Consultation notes

PRESENTATION

Research is the challenging process aiming at the knowledge of truth. It involves our past, is supported by individual aspirations and needs and could be responsible for our own future, for that of other people and for the future of the surrounding environment.

My own sequence in research methodology is reported below. Although the sequence itself can help in the research process, every step will be analyzed at depth in forthcoming articles.

This on-line course, written for OBGYN.NET, is fully dedicated to younger trainees and postgraduates aiming to reach the core of knowledge.


INDEXINTRODUCTORY ASPECTS (coming in June 2001)
1. Research motivation and targeting
2. Types of research in Medicine
3. Research as a step-by-step process

BASIC ASPECTS (step-by-step analysis)
4. Getting the idea
5. Literary review
6. Epicrisis
7. General definition of the research
8. Protocol editing
9. Data collection
10. Data analysis
11. Results interpretation
12. Results presentation

PARTICULAR ASPECTS
13. Research in Perinatal Medicine
14. Research in Reproductive Medicine
15. Research in Gynecologic Oncology

ORGANIZATIONAL ASPECTS
16. Multiple research
17. Multicentric research
18. Miscellaneous


CONSULTATION NOTESInteractivity 
The above index page is interactive: the chapters already written are linked to the related pages. At the end of each chapter you will find links to the index and to the other chapters. Interactivity will also be found inside the chapters.


Modifications
The index will be modified during the creation of the on-line course, since this is, actually, an on-line book writing. A “last update” note will be found below the title. Please review the index and consultation notes before reading each new chapter. A definite index will be established at the end of of the course creation. In the case of chapter modification an “m” will be put in brackets after the chapter title.


Sections INTRODUCTORY ASPECTS
After the first chapter, which might put you off research forever, the second and the third will bring you back inside the researching process and are a summary of what is reported in the following section, so you don’t need to wait until the end of the on-line book making in order to start.

BASIC ASPECTS
In this section the researching process is analyzed at depth, step-by-step, from the idea generating the research to the wide range of research results presenting.

PARTICULAR ASPECTS
Although the basic research process can be simply applied to Obstetrics and Gynecology, in this section all the particular aspects of the research process in Ob-Gyn main fields are reported.

ORGANIZATIONAL ASPECTS
This last section is related to the organizational problems you have to face in performing multiple and/or multicentric research. The last chapter is a collection of research related subjects not included in the previous sections.


Chapters and paragraphs
Each chapter reports the related subject as in the index. According to the different needs, a chapter could be divided into paragraphs numbered as 1.1., 1.2, and so on. Each chapter has been drafted as in the “lorem ipsum” chapter (see below).

Tables and Figures
Tables refer to the chapter; eg.: tab. 1.1, means the first table of the first chapter. The same applies to the figures. 

To overcome problems in the HTML version and to avoid slow download, all the chapter figures are linked to a different window; open it at the beginning of the chapter reading and reduce the window to icon, so you can go there whenever you need.

Tip Points
This is a “short sentences review” of the chapter subject, underlining the main concepts involved.

Quoted Sentences
This is a collection of quotations from other people, underlining, directly or undirectly, the relevant concepts in the chapter.

Self Evaluation
Practice exercises in the chapter subject are here reported.

References and further readings
References will be inserted at the end of each chapter, they may refer to printed articles, e-papers, and links to web sites. The same applies to further readings.

Icons inside the chapter
At any point you can find three different icons:

 

The “At depth” icon; will bring you to further analysis of the subject; 



The “What’s in the Web” icon; will bring you to other web resources on the subject;


The “Tools” icon; will bring you to practical tools to help in achieving the the chapter aim while doing research.

The “LOREM IPSUM” practice chapter 

Note: the Lorem Ipsum practice chapter text has been retrieved from Microsoft (r) Office example pages. Microsoft Office programmes are a very useful tool for the whole research process; we will analyze their use ahead in the on-line course.

1.1. Lorem ipsum dolor

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit, sed diem nonummy nibh euismod tincidunt ut lacreet dolore magna aliguam erat volutpat. Ut wisis enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerci tution ullamcorper suscipit lobortis nisl ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis te feugifacilisi. 

Duis autem dolor in hendrerit in vulputate velit esse molestie consequat, vel illum dolore eu feugiat nulla facilisis at vero eros et accumsan et iusto odio dignissim qui blandit praesent luptatum zzril delenit au gue duis dolore te feugat nulla facilisi (Table 1.1).

 

Table 1. Duis autem dolor

In hendreritIn voluptate
Et accumsanEt iusto
Dolore te feugatNulla facilisi


Ut wisi enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerci taion ullamcorper suscipit lobortis nisl ut aliquip ex en commodo consequat. Duis te feugifacilisi per suscipit lobortis nisl ut aliquip ex en commodo consequat. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit, sed diem nonummy nibh euismod tincidunt ut lacreet dolore magna aliguam erat volutpat (Figure 1.1).

Figure 1. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

Ut wisis enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerci tution ullamcorper suscipit lobortis nisl ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis te feugifacilisi. Duis autem dolor in hendrerit in vulputate velit esse molestie consequat, vel illum dolore eu feugiat nulla facilisis at vero eros et accumsan et iusto odio dignissim qui blandit praesent luptatum zzril delenit au gue duis dolore te feugat nulla facilisi. 



Ut wisi enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerci taion ullamcorper suscipit lobortis nisl ut aliquip ex en commodo consequat. Duis te feugifacilisi per suscipit lobortis nisl ut aliquip ex en commodo consequat.

1.2. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

Duis te feugifacilisi. Duis autem dolor in hendrerit in vulputate velit esse molestie consequat, vel illum dolore eu feugiat nulla facilisis at vero eros et accumsan et iusto odio dignissim qui blandit praesent luptatum zzril delenit au gue duis dolore te feugat nulla facilisi (2). Ut wisi enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerci taion ullamcorper suscipit lobortis nisl ut aliquip ex en commodo consequat. Duis te feugifacilisi per suscipit lobortis nisl ut aliquip ex en commodo consequat.

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit, sed diem nonummy nibh euismod tincidunt ut lacreet dolore magna aliguam erat volutpat. Ut wisis enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerci tution ullamcorper suscipit lobortis nisl ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis te feugifacilisi. Duis autem dolor in hendrerit in vulputate velit esse molestie consequat, vel illum dolore eu feugiat nulla facilisis at vero eros et accumsan et iusto odio dignissim qui blandit praesent luptatum zzril delenit au gue duis dolore te feugat nulla facilisi. 

Ut wisi enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerci taion ullamcorper suscipit lobortis nisl ut aliquip ex en commodo consequat. Duis te feugifacilisi per suscipit lobortis nisl ut aliquip ex en commodo consequat. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit, sed diem nonummy nibh euismod tincidunt ut lacreet dolore magna aliguam erat volutpat. Ut wisis enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerci tution ullamcorper suscipit lobortis nisl ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis te feugifacilisi. Duis autem dolor in hendrerit in vulputate velit esse molestie consequat, vel illum dolore eu feugiat nulla facilisis at vero eros et accumsan et iusto odio dignissim qui blandit praesent luptatum zzril delenit au gue duis dolore te feugat nulla facilisi. 

1.3. Ut wisi enim
Ut wisi enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerci taion ullamcorper suscipit lobortis nisl ut aliquip ex en commodo consequat. Duis te feugifacilisi per suscipit lobortis nisl ut aliquip ex en commodo consequat.

Duis te feugifacilisi. Duis autem dolor in hendrerit in vulputate velit esse molestie consequat, vel illum dolore eu feugiat nulla facilisis at vero eros et accumsan et iusto odio dignissim qui blandit praesent luptatum zzril delenit au gue duis dolore te feugat nulla facilisi. Ut wisi enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerci taion ullamcorper suscipit lobortis nisl ut aliquip ex en commodo consequat. Duis te feugifacilisi per suscipit lobortis nisl ut aliquip ex en commodo consequat.

 

 

 

Figure 1

Figure 1-1 Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit, sed diem nonummy nibh euismod tincidunt ut lacreet dolore magna aliguam erat volutpat

Lorem ipsum dolor

Ut wisis enim ad minim veniam 

Ut wisis enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerci tution ullamcorper suscipit lobortis nisl ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis te feugifacilisi. Duis autem dolor in hendrerit in vulputate velit esse molestie consequat, vel illum dolore eu feugiat nulla facilisis at vero eros et accumsan et iusto odio dignissim qui blandit praesent luptatum zzril delenit au gue duis dolore te feugat nulla facilisi. 

  • Ut wisis enim ad minim veniam, quis 
  • nostrud exerci tution ullamcorper suscipit 
  • lobortis nisl ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. 
  • Duis te feugifacilisi. 
  • Duis autem dolor in hendrerit in vulputate 
  • velit esse molestie consequat, 
  • vel illum dolore eu feugiat nulla facilisis 
  • at vero eros et accumsan et iusto odio 
  • dignissim qui blandit praesent luptatum 
  • zzril delenit au gue duis dolore te feugat nulla facilisi.

Ut wisis enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerci tution ullamcorper suscipit lobortis nisl ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis te feugifacilisi. Duis autem dolor in hendrerit in vulputate velit esse molestie consequat, vel illum dolore eu feugiat nulla facilisis at vero eros et accumsan et iusto odio dignissim qui blandit praesent luptatum zzril delenit au gue duis dolore te feugat nulla facilisi.

 

Tools

Calculate DOLOR

 

 

References:

References

1. tution ullamcorper suscipit lobortis nisl ut aliquip Lobortis Journal; 45:245-247

2. au gue duis dolore te feugat nulla facilisi At: www.duisdolore.net/tefeugat/index.html