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C.Y. Liu, MD




What is Endometriosis?

October 03, 2011

Endometriosis is a condition in which the lining of the uterine cavity (endometrium) grows outside of the uterus. Endometriosis can be found anywhere in the pelvic cavity, including all the reproductive organs as well as on the bladder, small bowel, colon, rectum, appendix, and vagina. However, endometriosis cannot be considered simply as misplaced endometrium, because it differs in hormonal responses and visual appearance.

What Causes Endometriosis?

October 03, 2011

The real cause of endometriosis remains unknown. The following theories represent current thinking of the etiology of endometriosis, but none of them can explains all cases of endometriosis. We do know, however, that endometriosis is not caused by anything that the patient has done.

Symptoms of Endometriosis

October 03, 2011

Patients with endometriosis can have symptoms varying from constant excruciating pelvic pain to no symptoms whatsoever. Paradoxically, the extent of endometriosis has no correlation to the amount of pain a women will experience. Some women with severe endometriosis do not have any symptoms and may not know they have endometriosis until a pelvic mass is detected on a routine pelvic examination or a problem with infertility is discovered.

Laparoscopic End-to-End Reanastomosis on the Distal Ureter

September 23, 2011

Laparoscopy succeed in overcoming technical difficulties and poor outcome of traditional open ureteroureteral distal anastomosis. A technique for laparoscopic repair of injury involving the distal ureter has been successfully developed.

Laparoscopic Repair of Female Organ Prolapse

June 22, 2011

The goal of laparoscopic repair of female organ prolapse is to restore normal functioning by correcting female organ supporting defects in the pelvis. The supporting system in the female pelvis is quite complex; however, it is dynamic rather than static. There are basically two systems in the pelvis that provides the active and passive support of pelvic organs to their proper places.

Fertility Promoting Surgery

June 22, 2011

A significant number of women experience infertility due to surgically correctable causes. Most cases are a result of endometriosis and/or adhesions (scar tissue) from previous surgery or pelvic infection. Endometriosis and adhesions cause distortion and blockage of the fallopian tubes, thus causing infertility. Infertility surgery tries to unblock, release and restore normal anatomy of the fallopian tube.