Opioid use disorder and contraception
Women on Medicaid with opioid use disorder (OUD) who use medications for opioid use disorder (MOUD) are more likely to use contraception and to undergo female sterilization than peers not prescribed MOUD, according to a study in Contraception.
Chromosomal abnormalities do not impact ART outcomes
Chromosomal abnormalities in infertile couples who use assisted reproductive technology (ART) do not appear to impact cumulative clinical pregnancy or live-birth rates, according to a study published in the Annals of Medicine.
Unplanned military pregnancies declining
The rate of unintended pregnancies throughout the US military declined significantly since 2005, according to a study published in Contraception.
Egg donors and recipients with PCOS
No “double disadvantage”
Abortion-care disruptions exert disproportionate impact
Service disruptions at the start of the COVID-19 pandemic altered and exacerbated geographic disparities in access to abortion care in Louisiana, according to a study published in Contraception.
IUDs and bleeding changes
The fact that copper-containing intrauterine devices (Cu-IUDs) can increase bleeding and discontinuation rates compared to levonorgestrel-releasing IUDs (LNG-IUDs) does not mean clinicians should steer patients toward the latter, according to a review published in BMC Women’s Health. Due to high satisfaction rates with both devices, authors recommend letting patients choose based on their needs and preferences.
VVC in pregnancy
The risk of vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) during pregnancy tends to peak in the third trimester, according to a review published in Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Risk factors range from contraceptive and antibiotic use to patients’ hygiene and overall health.1 With data regarding VVC and pregnancy incomplete and often conflicting, review authors say, more research is needed.
Biotics battle vaginal fungal biofilms
Eradicating vaginal biofilms involving Candida species requires synergistic combinations of antifungal drugs with pre-, pro-, post-, and synbiotics, according to a recent Frontiers in Microbiology review.1
UAE vs MRI-guided HIFU for fibroid reduction rates
Among minimally invasive treatments for uterine fibroids, uterine artery embolization (UAE) produces greater fibroid shrinkage and more complications than MRI-guided HIFU (MRIgHIFU), according to a study in BMC Women’s Health.
Genital hygiene, sexual practices impact rates of BV, VVC infection
Using bactericidal soaps and sex toys and having anal sex were associated with higher rates of bacterial vaginosis (BV) and vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC), according to a study in RBGO Gynecology and Obstetrics (Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetricia). However, study authors caution, identifying these associations do not establish causality.
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