Endometrioma Complicated by Tubo-Ovarian Abscess in a Woman With Bacterial Vaginosis

September 27, 2006

Tubo-ovarian abscess involvement of an endometrioma has been reported in cases of patients with polymicrobial sources such as Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, and obligate anaerobic bacteria; however, bacterial vaginosis (BV) predisposing to abscess formation in an endometrioma has not been reported to date.

Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology Vol. 2006 Open Access publication by Hindawi Publishing Corporation

 

Background
Tubo-ovarian abscess involvement of an endometrioma has been reported in cases of patients with polymicrobial sources such as Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, and obligate anaerobic bacteria; however, bacterial vaginosis (BV) predisposing to abscess formation in an endometrioma has not been reported to date.

Case
Superinfection of an endometrioma was surgically diagnosed in a patient with known advanced-stage endometriosis after she presented with acute pelvic inflammatory disease symptoms and was unresponsive to antibiotic therapy. Gram-negative rods were cultured from the endometrioma. On admission, cervical, blood, and urine cultures were negative; BV was diagnosed on normal saline wet prep and gram stain.

Conclusion
This case raises the possibility of BV ascension to the upper genital tract predisposing to abscess formation in endometriomas. Therefore, aggressive treatment of BV in patients with known advanced-stage endometriosis may be considered to prevent superinfected endometriomas.

References:

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Shahryar K. Kavoussi, Mark D. Pearlman, William M. Burke, and Dan I. Lebovic, “Endometrioma Complicated by Tubo-Ovarian Abscess in a Woman With Bacterial Vaginosis,” Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 2006, Article ID 84140, 3 pages, 2006. doi:10.1155/IDOG/2006/84140

@article{84140,

author = {Kavoussi, Shahryar K. and Pearlman, Mark D. and Burke, William M. and Lebovic, Dan I.},

title = {Endometrioma Complicated by Tubo-Ovarian Abscess in a Woman With Bacterial Vaginosis},

journal = {Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology},

year = {2006},

volume = {2006},

pages = {Article ID 84140, 3 pages},

note = {doi:10.1155/IDOG/2006/84140}

}