Pelvic Anatomy

October 10, 2010

During this time of information gathering about your hysterectomy options, there are a few terms that are helpful to know about pelvic anatomy.

Pelvic Anatomy

During this time of information gathering about your hysterectomy options, there are a few terms that are helpful to know about pelvic anatomy. Understanding what each term refers to and its purpose can help you make the wisest decision.

Uterus: The uterus, sometimes called the womb, is a muscular organ located in the pelvis. It is approximately the size and shape of a pear. This is where a fetus is carried during pregnancy.

Endometrium: Endometrium is what makes up the inner lining of the uterus. It thickens in preparation for pregnancy and is shed by menstruation if pregnancy does not occur.

Ovaries: The ovaries contain all the eggs a woman will ever have in her lifetime. They release these eggs during ovulation each month to be fertilized. They also produce hormones such as estrogen and progesterone.

Fallopian Tubes: The fallopian tubes connect the ovaries and the uterus. It is here that conception takes place. After conception, the fertilized egg will move down through the fallopian tubes to the uterus where it implants and grows.

Cervix: The cervix is the entrance into the uterus. It provides pelvic support and helps prevent prolapse. Recent studies have shown there is a connection between the cervix and sexual satisfaction due to its role in having an orgasm.

Vagina: This is the muscular tunnel extending from the cervix to the outside of the body. It is sometimes called the birth canal and is where penetration occurs during intercourse.

References:

Sources

http://www.nuff.org/health_theuterus.htm

http://www.hystersisters.com/

http://www.womenshealth.gov/

http://nyp.org/health/gyneonc-anatomy.html

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