A study that examined independent associations between health-related quality of life (HRQoL), physical function and pain in older women with osteoporosis and vertebral fracture found that lower levels of HRQoL were significantly linked to lower levels of physical function and higher levels of pain.
“These findings can inform clinicians and health managers about the importance of pain management and exercise interventions in health care for this group,” wrote the Norwegian authors in the journal BMC Geriatrics.
The cross-sectional study analyzed data from 149 Norwegian women aged 65 and over with osteoporosis and vertebral fracture between 2016 and 2018. All study participants lived at home and were able to walk independently, with or without a walking aid. Data were collected from HRQoL (Short Form 36 [SF-36]), Quality of Life Questionnaire of the European Foundation for Osteoporosis (QUALEFFO-41), physical function (walking speed, balance and strength) and pain.
Pain significantly correlated to nearly all of the SF-36 subscales (except mental health and the mental component score) and to all the QUALEFFO-41 subscales.
In addition, walking speed was significantly associated with five of the eight SF-36 subscales (except bodily pain, vitality and the mental health and mental component score) and with four of the six QUALEFFO-41 subscales (except score pain and mood).